Epidermolysis bullosa: a case report

Epidermolysis bullosa (EB), often referred to as the butterfly disease, is a group of rare genetic conditions characterized by skin that is delicate and fragile as butterfly wings. The skin blisters in response to friction, minor injury, or trauma. In certain types of EB, other organs, such as the esophagus, can also be affected, and secondary complications may require multiple interventions. While there has been significant progress in classifying the disease – identifying genes and proteins involved – there have been few advances in the treatment of the disease. The care of the EB patient focuses on management of symptoms, protecting the skin, and preventing complications. In this case report, the use of a multivalent wound-healing ointment (Terrasil®) was evaluated in a 60-year-old patient with a history of junctional EB. A polymerase chain reaction-based culturing was utilized to quantitatively test for bacteria and fungi at baseline and follow-up visits. Pain assessment and wound area were also documented at each visit. Following the application of the wound care ointment, there was a reduction in wound surface area on central (96%) and distal mid-back (92%) by treatment visit three, and there was a 96% reduction on the left shoulder blade ulcer by treatment visit four. Moreover, there was a noticeable drop in the percentage of bacteria detected by polymerase chain reaction. The wound care ointment was also effective in eliminating the fungal species and reducing pain, itching, blistering, and cracking around the wound … read more