Prevention and Management of Diabetic Foot Ulcers

BEST PRACTICE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE Prevention and Management of Diabetic Foot Ulcers


Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia that leads to microvascular, macrovascular and neuropathic complications. In 2016, there were 11 million Canadians living with type 1, type 2 or pre-diabetes, and every three minutes another Canadian is diagnosed. Certain populations are at higher risk for developing type 2 DM, including those of Asian, African, Hispanic and Indigenous decent. The rates of DM are three to five times higher in Indigenous populations, an issue compounded by unique barriers to care including, but not limited to, a lack of cultural competency among health-care providers, jurisdictional confusion, limited access to care, geographical location and language barriers.1,2 Foot health should be a major consideration for people with diabetes and for those who care for them. Foot complications in this high-risk population can lead to a cascade of negative complications, potentially resulting in loss of limb and life. The lifetime risk for foot ulceration in people with diabetes is 15 to 25%. According to the International Diabetes Federation … read more (PDF)